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Wednesday, October 13, 2004

 

Korea claims Gando territory back from PRC

South Korean newspaper, Chosun Ilbo, has revealed that the Republic of Korea is claiming a vast section of territory of the Peoples Republic of China bordering North Korea. An underlined phrase in text submitted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade for parliamentary inspection states the Korean government's position that the 1909 Gando Convention, signed by Japan without Korea's consent, and the Eulsa Treaty, which deprived Korea of diplomatic rights in 1905, are null and void.

The Gando Convention was a treaty in which Imperial Japan handed over the Gando region, which was recognised as Korean territory, to Imperial China in return for certain privileges in Manchuria, including railway concessions. If the Gando Convention is null and void, the ROK is adopting a position that the region north of Mt Baekdu and Tumen River, home to the PRC's present Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, is Korean territory.

"Our government takes the position that the 1909 Gando Convention, signed by Japan without concern for Korea's position, is null and void, to the extent that the Eulsa Treaty, which deprived Korea of its diplomatic rights in 1905, is a null-and-void treaty obtained through duress," the ministerial document states.

A government official quoted by Chosun Ilbo, said, "It is our firm position that the Gando Convention is null and void, but taking into account how China has been reacting sensitively to the Gando Convention issue, even in relation to the Koguryo history issue, we've decided not to reveal that position to the outside."

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